Title: Contaminants of Emerging Concern including Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products 
Resource Type: web links 
Language(s): English
 
Producers or distributor US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) 
Author / Producer Type: Agency, regulator or other governmental or inter-governmental body 
Producer country: USA 
Producer or distributor web link (root): https://www.epa.gov
Web link for product information: https://www.epa.gov/wqc/contaminants-emerging-concern-includ ...  
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Contaminated land-->Contaminants-->Others
Diffuse pollution-->Contaminants-->Contaminants overview
Diffuse pollution-->Contaminants-->Persistent Organic Pollutants
 
Short description: There are many CECs and PPCPs that act as so-called endocrine disruptors (EDCs). EDCs are compounds that alter the normal functions of hormones resulting in a variety of health effects. EDCs can alter hormone levels leading to reproductive effects in aquatic organisms, and evaluating these effects may require testing methodologies not typically available along with endpoints not previously evaluated using current guidelines. The emerging contaminants may also demonstrate low acute toxicity but cause significant reproductive effects at very low levels of exposure. In addition, the effects of exposure to aquatic organisms during the early stages of life may not be observed until adulthood. Therefore, traditional toxicity test endpoints may not be sufficiently comprehensive for criteria derivation for these chemicals and the chemicals may also have specific modes of action that may affect only certain types of aquatic animals (e.g., vertebrates such as fish). 
Submitted By: Professor Paul Bardos WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 01/09/2018