EC Framework 4 Funding Programme FP4 of European Community activities in the field of research and technological development and demonstration, 1994-1998
Funding Organisation: 
European Commission European Union Full Details
Country of origin: European Union
What type of research is funded? Applied, Basic, Demonstration
Projects based on defined research needs (programme driven) or an open call (demand driven)? Programme Driven
Total budget:  11.8 Million EUROs
Funding rate by programme:  50-100%
Programme start year: 1994
Duration of programme: 5 years
Programme open for funding of international participation:  Yes
Programme has ongoing or terminated international projects:  Yes
Contaminated land-->Contaminated land overview
Groundwater protection-->Groundwater protection overview
Diffuse pollution-->Diffuse pollution overview
Water resources and their management -->Water resources and their management Overview
Soil-->Soil Overview
Water and sanitation-->Water and sanitation Overview
Objectives: To implement research and technological development (RTD) programmes and demonstration programmes by promoting cooperation with and between 
enterprises, research centres and universities; to promote cooperation in the field of Community RTD and demonstration with third countries and international
organizations; to disseminate and optimize the results of Community RTD and demonstration activities; and to stimulate the training and mobility of researchers
in the Community.
Long Description: 
The activities covered by the Fourth Framework Programme must contribute to the attainment of three fundamental objectives: support to the competitiveness 
of European industry; contribution of science and technology to the satisfaction of society's needs; and, support to the Community's common policies. In
keeping with the Community's industrial policy and in order to meet society's growing needs, research activities must contribute to a series of other objectives,
such as: - Efficient and safe infrastructures; - To ensure technological and industrial integration within the internal market (in particular by strengthening coordination between RTD policy and standardization
policy); - To anticipate technological and industrial changes so as to that greater account is taken of market and society's needs; - To increase the synergies between international cooperation in science and technology and the Community's external activities; - To ensure efficient dissemination, throughout the whole economic and social system, in particular to small and medium-sized undertakings, of the scientific
and technological advances made; - To produce efficiently, cleanly, safely and in a way which is environmentally friendly on the basis of modern organization of production taking into account
human factors; - To promote environmental protection as an opportunity for industry to increase its competitiveness; - To promote quality of life, with emphasis on health care and hygiene; - To encourage the mastering of new technologies. In pursuing these objectives, the Community undertakes four main activities, as described in Article 130(g) of the Maastricht Treaty: - First activity: Implementation of RTD and demonstration programmes, by promoting cooperation with and between undertakings, research centres - including the JRC - and
universities. This first activity consists of 13 specific programmes covering information and communications technologies, industrial technologies,
the environment, life sciences and technologies, agriculture and fisheries, non-nuclear energy, transport and targeted socio-economic research; - Second activity: Promotion of cooperation in the field of Community RTD and demonstration with third countries and international organizations. This activity covers various
related forms of Community intervention, including international scientific and technical cooperation activities hitherto undertaken outside the framework
programme. Cooperation is based on the principle of mutual benefit and aims to reinforce the Community's capacities in the field of science and technology
and to support the implementation of Community policies as regards third countries; - Third Activity: Dissemination and optimization of the results of activities in Community RTD and demonstration. This covers all RTD themes and aims to ensure the widest
dissemination of research results, to facilitate their optimal exploitation, to support technology transfer (particularly to SMEs), and to support initiatives
at national or regional level in order to give them a Community dimension; - Fourth Activity: Stimulation of the training and mobility of researchers in the Community. The objective of this activity is to promote the training and mobility of Community
researchers in fields, including those of fundamental research, not eligible for support under the first activity.

WEB Link:
Projects Supported by this Programme:

 Analysis of pesticides and their degradation products: an integrated study

ASHREC Ash recycling technologies (ASHREC)

 Colloid-failitated leaching of groundwater contaminants through soils as affected by European region and soil manuring

ETCA Concerted Action Environmental Technologies

CARACAS Concerted Action on Risk Assessment for Contaminated Sites in the European Union

 Coordinated projects on mechanisms, quantification and impact of pollution generated from existing and abandoned waste disposal sites

 Critical Parameters governing the mobility and fate of pesticides in the soil/aquifer system: an experimental and modelling study based on coherent interpretation of transport parameters and physico-chemical characteristics

 Degradation of xenobiotics: an investigation of microbiological events occurring within polluted sites with emphasis on those undergoing bioremediation

 Demonstration project regarding remediation options for Zn, Cd en Pb- contaminated sites in de Kempen area (Belgium) (Translated from Dutch)

 Development of analytical and sampling methods for piority pesticides and relevant transformation products in aquifers

 Evaluation and improvement of mathematical models of pesticide mobility in soils and assessment of their potential to predict contamination of water systems

 Fundamentals of chemical and physical aspects of soil and groundwater protection against inorganic pollutants

 Herbicide degradation in the subsurface and aquifer environment in Northern and Southern Europe

 Immunobiosensor development for monitoring of pesticides and their transformation products

 Measurement and modelling of VOC mobility of soils and groundwaters for environmental risk assessment

 Methods for determining degradation rates of organic chemicals in landfilled waste and groundwater

 Methods for determining degradation rates of organic chemicals in land-filled waste and groundwater

 Microbial diversity and activity in subsoil in relation to pesticide degradation and groundwater protection

 Monitoring of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in ground waters through an immunochemical biosensor with electrochemical detection

 Multicomponent multiphase pollutant transport in contaminated soils: chemical and spatial heterogeneity

INTAS/KZ95-0019 Pavlodar environmental project

 Pesticides and their metabolites: characterisation and monitoring in surface and groundwater by combined chemical analysis (GC/MS-FAB/MS-ACPI/MS-MS/MS) and bioassays (Toxicity Genotoxicity and Biodegradability)

 Quantitative structure activity relationships for predicting fate and effects of chemicals in the environment

 Speciation of antimony in contaminated soil and groundwater

 Study of sorption of the mobile forms of mercury by fly ash from thermal power plants with the aim of immobilising them in silts and soils

 The development of an automated monitoring system for the determination of pesticides and their conversion products at trace level in the water environment

 The development of composting systems for xenobiotic waste treatment and for the bioremediation of contaminated land

 The role of colloids in the transport of pollutants in shallow groundwater: development of monitoring and assessment procedures
Root WEB Link:
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