Title: Soil and human health: an epidemiological review 
Resource Type: document --> technical publication --> journal article 
Country: United Kingdom 
Year: 2007 
Availability: European Journal of Soil Science 58 (5) 1212 
Author 1/Producer: R. L. Hough 
Author / Producer Type: University research group / research institute 
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing 
ISSN: 1365-2389 
Article Weblink (=direct link): http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1365-2389 ...  
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Exposure pathways
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Models
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Receptor: Human health
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Tools and procedures
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Toxicological information
Soil-->Soil Overview
Soil-->Soil quality
Short description: This paper investigates the appropriateness of individual-level study for disease outcomes associated with soil by reviewing the weight of evidence from individual-level studies that have included exposure to soil as a risk-factor for disease. The majority of these studies are very specific, inspired by explicit case reports and medical records. The review showed that exposure to soil was implicated mainly in the spread of enteric parasites, but also in the incidence of certain cancers, bacterial infections, and mycoses. There was little evidence for specific soil contaminants as causative agents of disease at an individual level but there was also little evidence contrary to this. Further individual-level studies into soil:human health scenarios are required in order to derive more appropriate dose-effect relationships for regulatory science and risk assessment. (Abstract extract) Considers: cancer; deficiencies; parasites, bacterial and fungal infecions 
Submitted By: Professor Paul Bardos WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 28/09/2007

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