Title: International harmonization of models for selecting less toxic chemical alternatives: Effect of regulatory disparities in the United States and Europe. 
Resource Type: document --> technical publication --> journal article 
Country: USA 
Language(s): English
Year: 2012 
Author 1/Producer: Lam, C.W. 
Other Authors/Producers: Aguirre MP, Schischke K, Nissen NF, Ogunseitan OA, Schoenung JM. 
Author / Producer Type: University research group / research institute 
Journal: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management. Doi: 10.1002/ieam.1305 
Journal Web Link: http://  
Start Page: x 
End Page: x 
Publisher Country: USA 
Publisher web link (root): http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)1551-3793/earlyview
Article Weblink (=direct link): http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22492719  
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Receptor: Human health
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Tools and procedures
Short description: EXTRACT: Comparative toxic assessments across regions and countries are needed to minimise human exposure to harmful chemicals associated with consumer products. A new study has developed a US version of the EU Toxic Potential Indicator (TPI) and compared the two models for over 500 chemicals. Differences in results exist, indicating a need for more harmonisation between regulatory thresholds and guidelines. Assessments of toxicity are necessary to reduce exposure to dangerous chemicals and promote safer alternatives in the manufacture of consumer products. The Toxic Potential Indicator (TPI) was developed in Germany to provide a more transparent and easy-to-understand alternative to Life Cycle Analysis (LCA). The TPI uses publicly available environmental, health and safety information and converts it into a score between 1 and 100. It is currently based on regulatory criteria in the EU, but broadening its scope to consider other regional regulation and guidelines could provide a means to compare toxicity globally.  
Submitted By: Professor Paul Bardos WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 03/09/2012

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