Title: Basic principles for selecting the most cost-effective combinations of measures for inclusion in the programm of measures as described in Article 11 of the Water Framework Directive (Handbook) 
Resource Type: document --> guidance / decision support 
Country: Germany 
Language(s): English
Year: 2004 
Availability: http://www.umweltbundesamt.org/fpdf-l/2743.pdf (English Version) http://www.umweltbundesamt.org/fpdf-l/2593.pdf (German Version) 
Author 1/Producer: Federal Environmental Agency Germany 
Author / Producer Type: Agency, regulator or other governmental or inter-governmental body 
Report / download web link (=direct link): http://www.umweltbundesamt.org/fpdf-l/2743.pdf  
Format (e.g. PDF): PDF 
Size: (e.g. 20mb) 1.25 
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Contaminated land-->Contaminated land overview
Contaminated land-->policy and regulatory
Groundwater protection-->Groundwater protection overview
Groundwater protection-->Planning-->Planning overview
Water resources and their management -->Stresses, quality and ecological status
Water resources and their management -->Water resources and their management Overview
Short description: Water Framework Directive, river basin management plans, program of measures, cost-effectiveness, sets of measures, analysis of pressures and impacts, direct costs, indirect costs, external costs, catalogue of measures and instruments 
Long description: In this project, a methodology for selecting the most cost-effective sets of measures as part of the river basin management plans to be set up for each river basin by 2009 according to article 11 of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) has been developed. Based on a description of the relevant national and European guidelines for the implementation of the WFD and a case study analysis of the prevailing pressures on German water bodies, an exemplary catalogue of applicable measures and instruments was compiled. The included measures and instruments are described in greater detail in data sheets contained in the annex. The study differentiates between concrete technical measures and administrative, economic and informational instruments, which facilitate and support the implementation of the measures. Starting point for the methodology developed in this project is the analysis of pressures and impacts according to the WFD until December 2004. Based on an inventory of the prevailing pressures and sources, potentially relevant sets of measures and supporting instruments are selected. In the ensuing multi-step evaluation process taking into consideration the ecological effectiveness of these sets, the probability of reaching the WFD-objectives until 2015, the time frame necessary for their implementation and a prioritization with respect to the direct and indirect costs involved, the most cost-effective combination is identified. While the derived method constitutes a preliminary recommendation to decision-makers in water management, a further development and specification as well as an adjustment of the proposed method to local conditions and experiences is mandated. In addition to the practice-oriented handbook, a more extensive study, featuring additional background material, has been prepared. 
Submitted By: Maike Hauschild WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 22/07/2004

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