Title: The Functioning and Management of the Water-Soil-System at River-Basin Scale: Diffuse Pollution and Point Sources 
Resource Type: web links 
Availability: as download from the EUGRIS system; as brochure ISBN 3-937750-00-2, 
Producers or distributor T. Ertel, A. Grögler, D. Darmendrail; Editors 
Author / Producer Type: EC Project 
Web link for product information: http://www.eugris.info/EugrisTeam/documents/proceedings_orle ...  
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Contaminated land-->Contaminated land overview
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Risk assessment overview
Contaminated land-->Risk management-->Risk management overview
Contaminated land-->Risk management-->Strategies
Contaminated land-->Soil and groundwater processes-->Soil and groundwater processes overview
Diffuse pollution-->Diffuse pollution overview
Groundwater protection-->Groundwater processes-->Groundwater processes overview
Groundwater protection-->Groundwater protection overview
Water resources and their management -->River basins
Water resources and their management -->Water resources and their management Overview
Short description: About 180 attendees from the research area, from regulatory organisations, from international and national networks, service providers and end-users participated at the meeting with the key aim to find solutions on “how to bring new FP5 research achievements quicker and closer to the end-user”. Barriers for implementation of research results to be tackled were grouped in three categories: • Communication and dissemination • Availability in the market/commercialisation • Meeting the customer’s/user’s needs. 
Long description: Based on the presentations related to FP5 projects the workshop concluded that: • RTD projects focused on new monitoring techniques resulted in promising modelling, monitoring and interpretation strategies. Technical barriers have been significantly reduced and more emphasis should be put now on the interaction and communication with end-users • Risk assessment (RA) approaches used in Europe should become more comparable, requiring a higher credibility of procedures, transparency of models, assumptions and boundary conditions. It is necessary that national authorities increase quality requirements and take the lead to initiate the proposed quality assurance measures. This may call for a certification or accreditation mechanism in the future leading to harmonised European approaches to improve the environment and to avoid market distortions. • The remediation projects presented are contributing to the understanding of sub-surface physical, chemical and microbiological processes, but again, are mainly limited to laboratory and small scale testing rather than to demonstration projects. This suggests that there is a gap between ‘scientists’ and ‘managers’ which could be filled by the inclusion of experts with hands-on experience. • Diffuse pollution needs to be integrated in the total risk assessment and management scheme. A general lack of management options to reduce widespread deposition was perceived, i. e. changing agricultural policy, involving farmers in the design of new measures and changing consumer behaviour, etc. Emerging or non-regulated substances are perceived as a major environmental problem. • Projects on Integrated Management addressed key elements of management strategies such as identification of parameters for the functioning of the system, conceptual models, risk based approaches and decision support systems. Future research should be focussed on risk assessment and risk management tools to be incorporated in decision making processes at river basin scale, taking into account gaps in knowledge and uncertainties. • Project results should be used as a sound scientific basis in a knowledge-based policy development and implementation process. 
Link to Project(s): JOINT Joint Technical Approach for Decontamination of Soil and Groundwater
Submitted By: Mr Jörg Frauenstein WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 24/02/2005

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