Title: Guidelines for Environmental Risk Assessment and Management 
Resource Type: document --> guidance / decision support 
Country: United Kingdom 
Year: 1995 
Availability: Defra: Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs (1995) Guidelines for Environmental Risk Assessment and Management. Defra, Nobel House, London, UK. First posted on http://www.defra.gov.uk in 2000 
Author 1/Producer: Defra / DETR 
Author / Producer Type: Agency, regulator or other governmental or inter-governmental body 
Report / download web link (=direct link): http://www.defra.gov.uk/environment/risk/eramguide/index.htm  
Format (e.g. PDF): HTML 
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Risk assessment overview
Contaminated land-->Risk assessment-->Tools and procedures
Contaminated land-->Wider impacts / sustainability-->Social
Short description: The guidelines presented in this document provide a common framework for risk assessment as a key part of the process of appraisal for environmental decision-making. They build on the UK Department of the Environment's 1995 publication A Guide to Risk Assessment and Risk Management for Environmental Protection. The guidelines set out some basic principles which the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (DETR) and the Environment Agency would normally intend to use in the assessment and management of environmental risks and which are recommended for all public-domain risk assessments. The guidelines provide decision-makers, practitioners and the public with a consistent language and approach for environmental risk assessment and management. 
Long description: Originally produced by the Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions (which was incopopraed in part into Defra) and theEnvironment Agency. Chapter 1 Introduction to the guidelines 1.1 Background 1.2 Purpose 1.3 Scope 1.4 The framework 1.5 Environmental risk management and sustainable development 1.6 Risk management and the precautionary principle 1.7 Justifying an intention 1.8 Further information Chapter 2 A framework for environmental risk assessment and management 2.1 An overall framework 2.2 Key stages in each tier of environmental risk assessment 2.3 Options appraisal Chapter 3 The social aspects of risk 3.1 Background 3.2 Why consider the social dimensions of risk? 3.3 Risk perceptions 3.4 Trust and credibility 3.5 Equity 3.6 Responses to risk and the role of the media 3.7 Risk communication 3.8 Stakeholder participation 3.9 Further information Chapter 4 Problem formulation 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Defining the intention 4.3 Justifying an intention 4.4 Setting the boundaries 4.5 The controlling factors 4.6 Developing a conceptual model 4.7 Further information Chapter 5 Risk screening and prioritisation 5.1 Background 5.2 Why screen and prioritise? 5.3 Key criteria for risk screening 5.4 Methods for risk screening and prioritising 5.5 Prioritising effort 5.6 Further information Chapter 6 Quantification and dealing with uncertainty 6.1 Introduction 6.2 Types of quantification 6.3 Dealing with uncertainty 6.4 Further information Chapter 7 Evaluating the significance of a risk 7.1 Introduction 7.2 Risk estimation as a basis for risk management decisions 7.3 Factors influencing the significance of a risk 7.4 Other significant factors 7.5 Further information Chapter 8 Options appraisal and decision-making 8.1 Introduction 8.2 Trade-off analysis: methods for decision-making 8.3 Which technique? 8.4 Iteration 8.5 Risk communication and decision-making 8.6 Further information Chapter 9 Monitoring 9.1 Introduction 9.2 What to monitor 9.3 Designing the monitoring programme 9.4 Interpreting and dealing with monitoring data 9.5 Further information Annex I Case studies A1.1 Risk assessment for the release of genetically modified sugar beet A1.2 Risk assessment for road transport: a semi-quantitative methodology A1.3 Risk assessment of coastal flooding: a semi-quantitative methodology Annex II Bibliography Annex III Sources of further information 
Submitted By: Professor Paul Bardos WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 08/04/2005

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