Title: Summary Report on Technical and Legal Barriers for the Introduction of Ex-Situ Biological Soil Treatment Excavated Contaminated Soil in the EU Member States 
Resource Type: document --> technical publication --> report 
Country: EU Projects 
Year: 2002 
Availability: TERRANOVA Project report. Posted on EUGRIS. 
Author 1/Producer: John Vijgen 
Other Authors/Producers: Partner of TerraNova Consortium 
Author / Producer Type: Consultancy, contractor or other service provider 
Publisher: John Vijgen Consult 
Publisher City: Elmevej 14, 2840 Holte, Denmark 
Report / download web link (=direct link): http://www.eugris.info/newsdownloads/EC%20Terranova%20terran ...  
Format (e.g. PDF): PDF 
Size: (e.g. 20mb) 504 
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Contaminated land-->management&admin
Contaminated land-->policy and regulatory
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->Ex situ treatment technologies
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->In situ treatment technologies
Contaminated land-->Risk management-->Selection of remediation options
Short description: How can (biological) remediation technologies penetrate, when the largest portion (75-90%) of the potential the market oe represented by excavated contaminated soil oe is disposed of at landfill sites? Biological soil remediation is an environmental sustainable solution for remediation of contaminated soils in EU Member States. However it is not sufficiently breaking through, as in most Member States depositing of contaminated soil at landfill sites is stimulated and/or legally permitted. Landfilling of contaminated soil is the most important barrier to implementation of (biological) soil treatment. And major changes in the regulation and enforcement have to be implemented, ifsoil treatment should remain a priority in the European Union. The following statements, discussed in this report, challenge the current position of contaminated land remediation in Europe: • Successful Soil Management Policy requires —one level playing field“ in the EU • Landfilling of contaminated soils is the main barrier for development of (biological ex-situ) treatment technologies • Role of the municipalities as stakeholders • The road from multi-functional solutions to —least cost“ solutions • Influence of permitting procedures oe a rather complex issue • On-site treatment and disposal oe a cheap and clever option of on-site landfilling? • Validation of biological treatment compared with other technologies • Challenges for biological treatment • Definition of soil • Harmonisation and comparability of decision-making tools • Quality assurance and certification of treated soils • Enforcement of laws by adequate governmental controls needed • Liability for contaminated soils from the —cradle to the grave“ Soil remediation is largely determined by economic factors, which are translated into prices and the opportunities of achieving the lowest prices within the loopholes of the various laws. Lack of financial means often leads to inadequate and non-sustainable choices. On the other hand improvements of biological soil remediation technologies have to be made (main objective of the TerraNova project) in order to satisfy the needs in contaminated land remediation. In order to contribute to the solution to the problems reflected in the above-listed issues, it is recommended that various steps are taken at national and at EU level. Proposed solutions (which are indicated in the various sections) could e.g. be implemented at EU level by means of the execution of small-scale demonstration and pilot projects in the various Member States. The experiences could then be used to disseminate to EU wide improvements. 
Link to Project(s): TERRANOVA Controlled Environment Biopiling for Contaminated Land Treatment
Submitted By: Professor Paul Bardos WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 03/10/2006

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