Title: Council Directive 99/31/EC of 26 April 1999 on the landfill of waste (Landfill Directive) 
Resource Type: document --> regulations 
Country: European Union 
Year: 1999 
Availability: Official Journal L 182 , 16/07/1999 P. 0001 - 0019 
Author 1/Producer: European Commission 
Author / Producer Type: Agency, regulator or other governmental or inter-governmental body 
Report / download web link (=direct link): http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=CELEX: ...  
Format (e.g. PDF): HTML 
EUGRIS Keyword(s): Contaminated land-->policy and regulatory
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->Excavation
Contaminated land-->Remediation options-->Recycling/reuse
Short description: The objective of the Directive is to prevent or reduce as far as possible negative effects on the environment from the landfilling of waste, by introducing stringent technical requirements for waste and landfills. The Directive is intended to prevent or reduce the adverse effects of the landfill of waste on the environment, in particular on surface water, groundwater, soil, air and human health. It defines the different categories of waste (municipal waste, hazardous waste, non-hazardous waste and inert waste) and applies to all landfills, defined as waste disposal sites for the deposit of waste onto or into land. Landfills are divided into three classes: landfills for hazardous waste; landfills for non-hazardous waste; landfills for inert waste. The Directive does not apply to: the spreading on the soil of sludges (including sewage sludges and sludges resulting from dredging operations); the use in landfills of inert waste for redevelopment or restoration work; the deposit of unpolluted soil or of non-hazardous inert waste resulting from prospecting and extraction, treatment and storage of mineral resources as well as from the operation of quarries; the deposit of non-hazardous dredging sludges alongside small waterways from which they have been dredged and of non-hazardous sludges in surface water, including the bed and its subsoil. A standard waste acceptance procedure is laid down so as to avoid any risks: waste must be treated before being landfilled; hazardous waste within the meaning of the Directive must be assigned to a hazardous waste landfill; landfills for non-hazardous waste must be used for municipal waste and for non-hazardous waste; landfill sites for inert waste must be used only for inert waste; criteria for the acceptance of waste at each landfill class must be adopted by the Commission in accordance with the general principles of Annex II. The following wastes may not be accepted in a landfill: liquid waste; flammable waste; explosive or oxidising waste; hospital and other clinical waste which is infectious; used tyres, with certain exceptions; any other type of waste which does not meet the acceptance criteria laid down in Annex II. The Directive sets up a system of operating permits for landfill sites. Applications for permits must contain the following information: the identity of the applicant and, in some cases, of the operator; a description of the types and total quantity of waste to be deposited; the capacity of the disposal site; a description of the site; the proposed methods for pollution prevention and abatement; the proposed operation, monitoring and control plan; the plan for closure and aftercare procedures; the applicant's financial security; an impact assessment study, where required under Council Directive 85/337/EEC on the assessment of the effects of certain public and private projects on the environment. Member States must ensure that existing landfill sites may not continue to operate unless they comply with the provisions of the Directive as soon as possible. Member States must report to the Commission every three years on the implementation of the Directive. On the basis of these reports, the Commission must publish a Community report on the implementation of the Directive. 
Link to Organisation(s): EC European Commission
Submitted By: Professor Paul Bardos WhoDoesWhat?      Last update: 19/10/2006

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